# Planning Your Degree: Statistics and Operations Research

In the disciplines of Statistics and Operations Research, the School offers four 3-year BSc degrees: Statistics, Applied Statistics, Operations Research, and Management Science. The Statistics major focuses primarily on the theoretical aspects of the discipline, which are necessary to establish why particular methods are appropriate for analysis and inference concerning certain types of data. A major in Statistics also requires MATH courses to 200 level. The major in Applied Statistics emphasises the use of particular statistical techniques, as appropriate for data encountered in a variety of applications. A major in Applied Statistics is a useful complement to a major in Statistics or in disciplines such as Psychology, Ecology & Biodiversity or other biological or social sciences. Operations Research and Management Science majors focus on the techniques required to build and analyse models of systems, to aid scientific decision-making.## BSc Degrees

### Statistics

The requirements for a major in*Statistics*for students starting from 2009 onwards are:

- MATH 142, MATH 151 and STAT 131 (or a comparable background in 100-level Mathematics and Statistics)
- Course:MATH206, Course:MATH207, STAT 231, and 15 further points from STAT 201 - 299
- STAT 331 and at least 30 further points from courses labelled STAT 300-399 plus 15 further points from STAT, OPRE, MATH or QUAN 300 level courses.

To complete the degree you need an additional 15 points at 300 level, with at least 360 points in total, of which at least 210 points must be from 200- and 300-level courses. Students who started their degree before 2009 may complete under the old rules:

- MATH 113, MATH 114 and STAT 131 (or a comparable background in 100-level Mathematics and Statistics)
- MATH 206, MATH 207 and STAT 231
- STAT 331 and at least 24 further points from courses labelled STAT 300 - 399.

### Applied Statistics

The requirements for a major in*Applied Statistics*for students starting from 2009 onwards are:

- STAT 193 or QUAN 102 and a further 15 100-level points in MATH, STAT or QUAN
- STAT 292, STAT 293, and a further 30 points from 200-level MATH, STAT, or OPRE, BIOL/ENVI 222, ENVI/GEOG 214, GEOG 215, LING 211, 330, MGMT 206, PSYC 325, PUBL 306, QUAN 201, 203, SPOL 205, 207.
- STAT 338, STAT 392, STAT 393 and 15 further points from PSYC 325, LING 327-329, STAT, OPRE or MATH at 300 level.

- STAT 193 or QUAN 102 and a further 15 100 level points in MATH, STAT or QUAN
- STAT 291, STAT 338 and STAT 392
- At least 15 points from 200-level STAT, OPRE, MATH, BIOL/GEOL 214, BIOL/ENVI 222, ENVI/GEOG 214, GEOG 215, LING 211, 325, MAOR 210, MGMT 206, PSYC 232, 325, PUBL 306, QUAN 201, 202, 203, SOSC 203, 212, SPOL 205, 207, STAT 339.

### Operations Research

The requirements for a major in*Operations Research*for students starting from 2009 onwards are:

- STAT 131 or STAT 193, COMP 102 and one of MATH 142, MATH 151 (or a comparable approved background in 100-level Mathematics and Statistics)
- OPRE 251 and 45 points from OPRE 250, MGMT 206, STAT 231 or 200-level MATH.
- OPRE 351, OPRE 352, OPRE 353 and a further 15 points from 300-level MATH, COMP, STAT 331-338, MGMT 314-316.

- STAT 131, COMP 102 and one of MATH 113, MATH 114 (or a comparable approved background in 100-level Mathematics and Statistics)
- OPRE 251
- 22 points from MATH 200-269 or STAT 200-289
- OPRE 351 and OPRE 352

### Management Science

The requirements for a major in*Management Science*for students starting from 2009 onwards are:

- MGMT 101, STAT 131 or STAT 193, COMP 102 and one of MATH 142, MATH 151
- OPRE 251, MGMT 206; 30 points from OPRE 250, STAT 231, MATH 200 - 299
- 30 points from OPRE 351 - 353; 15 points from MGMT 314 - 316; and 15 points from MATH 300 - 399, COMP 300 - 399, STAT 331 - 338, MGMT 314 - 316

To complete the degree you need at least 360 points in total, of which at least 210 points must be from 200- and 300-level courses. Students who started their degree before 2009 may complete under the old rules:

- MGMT 101
- STAT 131, COMP 102 and one of MATH 113, MATH 114 (or a comparable approved background in 100-level Mathematics and Statistics)
- OPRE 251, MGMT 206 or an alternative 200-level MGMT course
- OPRE 351, OPRE 352
- One of MGMT 314, MGMT 315, MGMT 316

To complete the degree you need at least 360 points in total, of which at least 180 points must be from 200- and 300-level courses. See the Commerce & Administration prospectus for more information on MGMT courses.

## Planning Your Programme

### First Year

*Which Statistics courses to take?*There are two courses available at 100 level:

STAT 131 | Probability and Decision Modelling |

STAT 193 | Statistics for Natural and Social Sciences |

*Preferred entry level: Year 12 Mathematics.*The Student Learning Support Service offers workshops during the year for students with a weak mathematical background and the Science Faculty provides Whanau Support tutorials for Maori & Pacific Nations students and equity help sessions for Science and Architecture & Design students relating to STAT 131 and STAT 193 (contact: Liz Richardson, Science Faculty office).

#### Typical first years

**BSc in Statistics**

Course | Course Name | Points |
---|---|---|

STAT 131 | Probability and Decision Modelling | 15 |

MATH 142 | Calculus 1B | 15 |

MATH 151 | Algebra | 15 |

5 other courses, eg. BIOL 114, COMP 102, ECON 130, ENVI 114, PSYC 121, SPOL 113 | 75 | |

Total points | 120 |

**BSc in Applied Statistics**

Course | Course Name | Points |
---|---|---|

STAT 193 | Statistics for Natural and Social Sciences | 15 |

MATH 132 | Introduction to Mathematical Thinking | 15 |

or MATH 141 |
Calculus 1A | 15 |

or MATH 142 |
Calculus 1B | 15 |

or MATH 151 |
Algebra | 15 |

or MATH 161 |
Discrete Mathematics and Logic | 15 |

6 other courses, eg. BIOL 114, COMP 102, ECON 130, ENVI 114, PSYC 121, SPOL 113 | 90 | |

Total points | 120 |

**BSc in Operations Research**

Course | Course Name | Points |
---|---|---|

STAT 131 | Probability and Decision Modelling | 15 |

MATH 151 | Algebra | 15 |

COMP 102 | Introduction to Computer Program Design | 15 |

5 other courses, eg. ECON 103, MATH 142 | 75 | |

Total points | 120 |

**BSc in Management Science**

Course | Course Name | Points |
---|---|---|

STAT 131 | Probability and Decision Modelling | 15 |

MATH 142 | Calculus 1B | 15 |

MGMT 101 | Introduction to Management | 15 |

COMP 102 | Introduction to Computer Program Design | 15 |

4 other courses, eg. ECON 130, MATH 151 | 60 | |

Total points | 120 |

### Second Year

Students advancing in*Statistics*should take STAT 231, and both 200-level linear algebra and calculus courses. Those advancing in

*Operations Research*need OPRE 251 and 30 points from MATH 200-269 or STAT 200-289, along with COMP 102. As a general rule, the further one wishes to advance in Statistics and Operations Research, the more important the general mathematical and computing background becomes. Students wishing to advance in Applied Statistics should take STAT 292, STAT 293, which lead on to the 300-level courses in Sample Surveys (STAT 391, STAT 393) and Multivariate Statistics (STAT 338). BSc Management Science students should take OPRE 251, and MGMT 206 or an alternative 200-level MGMT course. More computing would be valuable.

### Third Year

In general you should seek academic advice before making a final selection from the courses available. You need to take at least 72 300-level points for your BA or BSc degree if you enrolled prior to 2009. Most majors require fewer points than this in the major subject at 300 level, so you will either take more than the minimum in your major subject, or else take some course(s) in an additional subject at 300 level. OPRE 352 is particularly suitable for Computer Science majors. Courses that may complement those described in this Prospectus include QUAN 371 (Financial Mathematics), PHIL 334 (Logic and Computation) or PHIL 335 (Logic), and some of the QUAN, MOFI and MGMT courses. Keep in mind the requirements of your major subjects, and whether you wish to keep open the option of going on to Honours, the Graduate Diplomas in Science or Arts (see below), or the Postgraduate Diploma in Financial Mathematics.## Equipment and Computing Facilities

Calculators are required in all STAT and OPRE courses. The undergraduate courses at 200 and 300 level in Statistics and Operations Research make some use of statistical and other computer packages such as R, SAS and S-Plus. The Operations Research courses use special-purpose OR packages. All students will have access to School computing facilities.## Postgraduate Diploma and Certificate in Science; Graduate Diploma in Science or Arts

The Graduate Diplomas in Science or Arts, with specialisations in Statistics or Operations Research, offer the opportunity for students to undertake the study required for a subject major without completing a full bachelor’s degree. They have the breadth and flexibility to accommodate the needs of a wide range of students, including those changing disciplines and those returning to study after some time away, who might wish to use their experience or professional learning to obtain further formal qualifications. Entry to the Graduate Diplomas requires a first degree in any subject and evidence of sufficient training or background to proceed with a proposed course of study. The Graduate Diplomas each require a programme of at least 120 points; they may be studied either full- time or part-time. Students are expected to take at least two trimesters to complete the qualification. The Postgraduate Diploma in Science and the Postgraduate Certificate in Science are offered in Applied Statistics and Statistics and Operations Research. The Postgraduate Diploma is a 120-point course-work postgraduate qualification for students not wishing to proceed on to a research degree. Entry to the Postgraduate Diploma requires a first degree with an appropriate major. The Postgraduate Certificate is a shorter (60-point) course-work postgraduate qualification, which may be suitable for students in full-time work or managing other commitments. See the Statistics and Operations Research graduate prospectus for more details about the Graduate and Postgraduate Diplomas or Certficates. Intending students should discuss their options and courses in advance with the Statistics and Operations Research Graduate Studies Coordinator; see the graduate prospectus for Statistics and Operations Research, or ask at the School Office for more info.## Course Map

This diagram shows the*current*courses offered by the school and the prerequisites for each course.